|Type of person||Individual|
|Date of birth||1813|
|Place of birth||Lelant, Cornwall|
|Date of arrival||1840|
|Principal occupation||Miner, agricultural labourer, farmer, slate quarry operator and slate dealer.|
|Date of death||1883|
|Place of decease||Moonta, South Australia|
Thomas was baptised on 19/03/1813 at Lelant, Cornwall, England. Parents – William Polkinghorne and Elizabeth nee Lobb.
Thomas, aged 27 years, arrived with his wife Grace, aged 22 years, and two children (Elizabeth Jane-3 and John Pearce-1) together with his brother Isaac Polkinghorne, an agricultural labourer aged 30 years, and his wife Alice (nee Faul) arrived on 6 Feb 1840 on board the ship Java from London. Two other early Willunga families arrived on the same ship at the same time – the Bastian family and the Williams family.
Only three months after arrival Isaac Polkinghorne was accidently killed while sinking a well on the premises of Mr. Sladden at the Kangaroo Inn on the road to Onkaparinga in May 1840.
Married (1st) on 02/04/1836 at Tywandreath, Cornwall to Grace Pearce (parents – William and Grace) baptized 18/10/1818 in Redruth, Cornwall. She died on 24/11/1855 in Willunga and is buried in the Willunga Uniting Church. Children (6 comprising 5 sons and 1 daughter): Elizabeth Jane (28/09/1836-24/04/1866) m. Thomas Martin; John Pearce (27/02/1839-22/04/1840) died as an infant; Isaac (c 1842-27/11/1912) m. Jane Coad; John (07/06/1845-1897) m. Elizabeth Coad; Thomas (01/06/1847-25/04/1870) aged 23 years unmarried; William George (03/04/1849- ) m. Jane Coad?
Married (2nd) on 16/04/1856 at the Wesleyan Chapel in North Adelaide to Mrs. Eliza Warden (widow) nee Pollard (parents - James Pollard) born c.1824 at Redruth died 13/02/1873 aged 49 years at Willunga buried at Willunga. Previous husband - John Warden. Children (4 comprising 2 sons and 2 daughters): Henry (02/11/1858-26/06/1934) m. Harriet Shippard; Mary (27/09/1859- ) m. Joseph Shippard; Ann (21/04/1861-29/12/1943) m. Bennett Coad; James (10/12/1863- )
Married (3rd) on17/04/1873 at Port Wakefield to Mrs Hannah/Anne Allen nee Welchford (parents- John Welchford) She was born on 30/01/1840 and died 22/08/1889 at Willunga buried at Willunga. Previous husband – Joseph Allen. Children (2 comprising 1 son and 1 daughter): William (1874- ); Elizabeth Jane (23/08/1875-01/10/1875).
Married (4th) on 06/06/1877 at Kadina to Mrs. Jane Humphreys (widow) nee Martin born c1815 died 02/10/1901 at Kulpara buried at Moonta. Previous husband – Mr. Humphreys. No children.
Religion – Wesleyan Methodist. Residence – Willunga (1840-?) and Moonta. Thomas occupied part (4 acres) of Section 700 and Section 265 (84 acres)
Thomas Polkinghorne, aged 80 years, died on 12/03/1883 at Moonta.
- Family Histories. P. Manuscript folder held by the National Trust (Willunga Branch). Blue folder 40-15
- Pioneers and Settlers bound for South Australia. Passenger Lists 1840. Fleurieu Peninsula Family History Group
- South Australian Register 30 May 1840:5
- Statton J. (ed) 1986. Biographical Index of South Australians 1836-1885. Volume 1
- Thomas J. (ed) 1990. South Australians 1836-1885 Book Two M-Z.