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National Trust of South Australia


Pengilly, Elizabeth (née Hicks, formerly Trengove)

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Fast Facts
Type of person Individual
Date of birth 1812
Place of birth Perranarworthal, Cornwall
Date of arrival 1850
Principal occupation Wife and mother
Date of death 1883
Place of decease Gawenhurst, Aldinga

Elizabeth Dunstan Hicks was born in Perranarworthal, Cornwall on 26 April 1812. She was the illegitimate daughter (“Base child” = father not listed) of Elizabeth Hicks (1792-1863), who later married Thomas Pedler (1800-1874) in 1821.

Elizabeth Dunstan Hicks, aged 21 years, married Richard Trengove (1811-1843), aged 22 years, on 22 April 1833 in Perranarworthal, Cornwall. Richard was variously described as a labourer, farmer or “husbandman”. During the following decade they had seven children:

  • Richard (1833-1896) was born at Perranarworthal, Cornwall, and married Mary Grace Paul in 1859 in Victoria. He died in Victoria
  • Alice Gill (1834-1894) was born at Perranarworthal, Cornwall, and married William Pengilly (1831-1921) at St. Stephen’s Church, Willunga in 1853. She died at Redhill, SA.
  • Jane (1836-1838) was born and died as an infant at Perranarworthal, Cornwall.
  • James (1838-1914) was born at Perranarworthal, Cornwall and married Ellen Louisa Paull (1841-1918) on 21 April 1859 at Lexton, Victoria. He died at Chute, Victoria.
  • John (1840-1905) was born at Perranarworthal, Cornwall and married Susan Pitman (1841-1917) on 15 August 1861 at Salisbury, SA. They had ten children. John died at Quorn, SA.
  • Mary Jane (1842-1904) was born at Perranarworthal, Cornwall and married Thomas Pengilly (1840-1918) at Kapunda in 1862. They had three children. Mary Jane died at Adelaide, SA.
  • Ann (1843-1911) was born at Perranarworthal, Cornwall and married Frederick Maslin (1841-1923) on 26 March 1863 at the Wesleyan Manse, Willunga. She died at Aldinga and is buried in Aldinga Uniting Church Cemetery.

Richard Trengove died in July 1843 at Falmouth, Cornwall, leaving his 30 year old widow, Elizabeth, with six surviving children under ten years. Seven years later, Elizabeth Trengove, described as a servant aged 37 years, arrived in Australia with her six children - Richard (16), Alice (14), James (12), John (10), Mary (8) and Ann (7) - aboard Sea Queen from London on 24 March 1850.

Elizabeth Trengove (1812-1893), aged 39 years, married for the second time to John Pengilly (1806-1895), aged 44 years, on 28 September 1850 at Christ Church, O’Halloran Hill.

In addition to six of John's step-chidren, aged from 1 to 18 years, Elizabeth and John went on to have three children of their own:

  • Grace (1851-1918) was born at Willunga and married Hugh McCallum (1841-1914) on 22 March 1871 at Morphett Vale. She died at Noarlunga, SA.
  • Elizabeth (1853-1854) died as an infant.
  • Charles (1854-1855) died as an infant.

Elizabeth Pengilly (formerly Trengove, née Hicks) died, aged 71 years, on 18 February 1883 at Gawenhurst, Aldinga, South Australia. She is buried in St. Stephen’s Anglican Cemetery, Willunga.


  • Passengers in History Database – South Australian Maritime Museum
  • South Australian Births – Index of Registrations 1842-1906
  • South Australian Marriages – Index of Registrations 1842-1937
  • South Australian Deaths – Index of Registrations 1842-1972
  • South Australian Register 7 March 1883:4
Elizabeth Pengilly headstone
Elizabeth Pengilly headstone

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