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National Trust Willunga branch.

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National Trust of South Australia


Riparian rights

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Fast Facts
Type of event Public Works
Street name St Judes
Street suffix Street
Town or locality Willunga

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When Robert Spargo built his cottage in 1855-1856 at 5 St Judes Street in Willunga, he diverted the outflow from a nearby spring onto his land so as to have water available for making the ‘cob’ walls. The spring water was also used to water the large vegetable and fruit garden (and duck pond) on which the family relied to supplement their income, especially after Robert’s death. In wet winters, flooding was a problem. In dry summers, however, there was not enough spring water for the garden.

In its early years Willunga Council was constantly trying to act in the community’s best interests by creating drains to divert water to and from neighbouring properties, and mediating disputes between neighbours about water flow and watercourses.

In May 1875 Grace Spargo, through her solicitors, claimed 100 pounds from the Willunga Council for damages sustained by her as a result of Council having ‘deprived her of the spring water that passed over her land at Willunga by having changed the course of the flood-water from running by Mr Martin’s land to Mr George Sara’s and running it to flow in from off his land’.

The Council was probably sympathetic to Grace Spargo’s claim and attempted to appoint Reverend E Miller as a mediator. But this was rejected by Grace and the case proceeded. The Chief Justice summed up in favour of the Council, but to the astonishment of all present, the jury found in Grace Spargo’s favour because, as one of them explained, ‘it would have been very hard to throw the costs of the action on the poor old woman’! The Council appealed, but the case was declared a ‘non-suit’.

The Council sold some blocks of land to pay their costs. Grace Spargo had to sell her cottage to pay her solicitor’s fees. The solicitors appear to have bought the cottage and then embarked on further proceedings against Willunga Council on Grace Spargo’s behalf, presumably to give her the chance to buy her property back, this time for damages of 500 pounds! The records become confusing at this stage. However, Grace never regained the ownership of her cottage, although she lived in it and paid the Council rates until she moved to Adelaide in 1883.

This is said to have been one of the first Riparian Rights Court cases in South Australia. Drainage problems continue to this day in St Judes Street, among many.


  • Geoffrey Vaudrey Water under the Bridge
Drainage, St Judes Street, 2013.
Drainage, St Judes Street, 2013.

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